2 edition of Lock-in and the costs of switching mainframe computer vendors found in the catalog.
by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in Champaign
Includes bibliographical references (p. [6-10]).
|Statement||Shane M. Greenstein|
|Series||Political economy series -- no.48, BEBR faculty working paper -- no.91-0133, Political economy series -- no.48., BEBR faculty working paper -- no.91-0133.|
|Contributions||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Bureau of Economic and Business Research|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||29,  p. ;|
|Number of Pages||29|
India's high-end computer market is dominated by IBM, which has a 50 percent share of the Indian market, followed by Hewlett-Packard at 33 percent, and . the server market include personalization of products and prices, bundling, switching costs, lock-in, economies of As shown in the figure, each logical layer is tightly scale, network effects, standards, and systems effects.8 integrated with the other to 'produce' services demanded Most of these phenomena are present in conventional by the client.
The economic cause of lock-in is the switching cost that the customer must overcome to move to an alternative product or technology. Switching costs include the book value less resale price of the old technology, plus purchase price and installation for the new technology. The history of computing hardware starting at is marked by the conversion from vacuum tube to solid-state devices such as transistors and then integrated circuit (IC) chips. By , discrete transistors were considered sufficiently reliable and economical that they made further vacuum tube computers uncompetitive. Metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) large-scale integration (LSI) technology.
demand computing and cloud computing, “vendor lock-in” becomes one of the major concerns of chief information ofﬁcers (Computer World ). The term “lock-in” refers to a situation in which a customer is dependent on a vendor for products and services such that he or she cannot switch to another vendor with-out suffering substantial. In economics, vendor lock-in, also known as proprietary lock-in or customer lock-in, makes a customer dependent on a vendor for products and services, unable to use another vendor without substantial switching -in costs that create barriers to market entry may result in antitrust action against a .
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Lock-in and switching costs were important and growing problems for govern- ment purchasers of mainframe computers and, by extension, all buyers of similar systems during the seventies.
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): This paper closely studies the historical experiences of computer users faced with incompatibility problems.
One key point throughout the discussion is that operating system compatibilities and application software were the principal source of switching costs. The larger point here is that vendor specificity is. One key point throughout the discussion is that operating system compatibilities and application software were the principal source of switching costs.
The larger point here is that vendor specificity is partially a choice-variable for the buyer. It influences many facets of an organization, as well as management and employee by: Books to Borrow. Top American Libraries Canadian Libraries Universal Library Community Texts Project Gutenberg Biodiversity Heritage Library Children's Library.
Animation & Cartoons Arts & Music Computers & Technology Cultural & Academic Films Ephemeral Films Movies News & Public Affairs. Understanding 9/Pages: Using several studies by federal agencies into the costs of switching mainframe computer vendors, this article concludes that mainframe computers of the late s possessed many of the features typically associated with lock-in.
However, many other factors also attenuated tendencies to : M GreensteinShane. Lock-in and the Costs of Switching Mainframe Computer Vendors in the US Federal Government in the s Article (PDF Available) in IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 17(3) February.
Lock-in and the Costs of Switching Mainframe Computer Vendors the discussion is that operating system compatibilities and application software were the principal source of switching costs. The larger point here is that vendor specificity is partially a choice-variable for the buyer. users anticipate that daily decisions regarding.
Abstract Nocarefulempiricalresearchhasconfrontedthewidely-heldbelief thatthecostsofswitchingcomputervendorstendstoproducetechnological "lock-in.
My train of thought went like this: the term “lock-in” is misleading. We are really talking about switching costs. Switching costs have existed throughout the history of IT. As soon as you commit yourself to a platform or a vendor you will have switching costs if you later decide to change.
Lock-in and the costs of switching mainframe computer vendors in the US federal government in the s. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, Vol. 17, Issue. 3, p. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, Vol. 17, Issue. 3, p. No vendor lock-in A long overdue change for the better in enterprise networks Using white box (whitebox) switches to build enterprise networks represents a dramatic change from the way we’ve built networks for decades: that is, relying on complex, expensive, largely proprietary hardware and software from a handful of vendors.
Mainframe customers typically maintain disaster recovery sites or make use or an independent mainframe provider for disaster contingencies. Synchronization with a disaster recovery site is usually done through offline copies of data. Both options incur high costs. Automated geo-redundancy is also available through the mainframe coupling facility.
Greenstein, S.M. Lock-in and the Costs of Switching Mainframe Computer Vendors: What Do Buyers See. Ind. and Corporate Change. 6, 2 (Mar. ), Google Scholar Cross Ref; Hoekman, B. Using International Institutions to Improve Public Procurement. The World Bank Research Observer. 13, 2 (Aug. ), Google Scholar.
SHANE, Mainframe Computer Procurement', University of Illinois, BEBR Discussion Paper # GREENSTEIN,'Lock-in and the Costs of Switching Mainframe Computer. SHANE, Vendors: What do Buyers See. University of Illinois, Faculty Working Paper 91.
"Lock-in and the Costs of Switching Mainframe Computer Vendors: What Do Buyers See?," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol.
6(2), pagesMarch. Gort, Michael & Klepper, Steven, Switching costs of CUs that decide to switch vendors are about 50% lower than those of CUs that stay.
Looking more closely at stayers, our most conservative estimate of the lock-in effect, i.e., the difference in switching costs of deliberate and non-deliberate stayers, is equivalent to about 70% of the average annual expenditure for.
~There will be huge switching costs.-One strategy many companies attempt is to lock-in their customers to their products or services. Having high switching costs can lead to lock-in by customers.
Companies will try to subsidize some or all of a potential customers' switching costs to lure them away. Consider airline loyalty programs. Increases lock-in for consumers and decreases likelihood they will leave B.
Decreases lock-in for consumers and makes it easier for customers to leave. Increases switching costs so consumers can more easily use many different Android and Apple devices D. Decreases switching costs making it easier to leave Apple products. Lock-in and the costs of switching mainframe computer vendors in the US federal government in the s.
IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, Vol. 17, Issue. 3, p. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, Vol. 17, Issue. 3, p. Lock-in and the Costs of Switching Mainframe Computer Vendors: What Do Buyers See.
Industrial and Corporate Change,6, (2), View citations (9) Technical Progress and Co-invention in Computing and in the Uses of Computers Brookings Papers on Economic Activity,27, ( Microeconomics), View citations (13).
Vendor lock-in is a major barrier to the adoption of cloud computing, due to the lack of standardization. Current solutions and efforts tackling the vendor lock-in problem are predominantly technology-oriented. Limited studies exist to analyse and highlight the complexity of vendor lock-in problem in the cloud environment.
Consequently, most customers are unaware of proprietary. Vendor lock-in refers to the restrictions that prevent users from switching a service.
In an ideal open IT environment, users are able to “lift and shift” freely as they want—they can migrate data and IT workloads from one technology stack to another, between competing vendors .Greenstein, Shane M, "Lock-in and the Costs of Switching Mainframe Computer Vendors: What Do Buyers See?," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol.
6(2), pagesMarch. Mailath, George J,